The Back and Body Clinic | Specialist Physiotherapy Northampton

While muscle injuries are the most common cause of calf pain, there are other causes of calf pain due to circulation problems, knee joint problems, and other conditions. Determining the cause of your calf pain can help guide appropriate treatment.

Common causes of Lower Leg and Shin Pain

Calf Muscle Strain

A calf strain occurs as a result of the muscle being torn or pulled. Click Here to read more

Shin Splints

Shin splints are the common term for injuries to the front of the lower leg. Click Here to read more.

Stress Fracture

This is a condition characterized by an incomplete crack in the shin bone. Click Here to read more.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

This is a condition in which a blood clot forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body. Click Here to read more.

Muscle Cramp

This occurs when your muscle tightens and shortens, causing sudden and severe pain. Click Here to read more.

Referred Pain / Nerve Pain (i.e Sciatica)

If the nerve is compressed at any point it can give you radiating pain down the leg in to the thigh. Click Here to read more.


There are often underlying issues that contribute to the development of lower leg, shin or Achilles pain including: dropped arches, weakness in the core stability muscles and tightness in the calves. External issues can also contribute such as poor footwear, poor playing surfaces (sports) or uneven ground.

Correct diagnosis is of paramount importance in this region. At The Back & Body Clinic we take great care over correct diagnosis. We will do a full biomechanical assessment to highlight any issues that have contributed to your injury. Staging of rehabilitation is of particular importance because the weight baring capability’s of the foot and ankle will change during the rehabilitation and it is important the rehab is progressed at the same rate, to prevent set backs but recover as quickly as possible. Years of experience in Professional Sport makes the practitioners at The Back & Body Clinic expertly placed in getting that fine balance right.

If you injure your lower leg, shin or Achilles it is important to get physiotherapy early because the right treatment and advice in the early stages is the key to a quick and full recovery. For more chronic conditions that develop over time the earlier you get physiotherapy the better. This is because the longer the condition goes on for the more degenerative changes take place, this will hamper your recovery.