The Back and Body Clinic | Specialist Physiotherapy Northampton

There are lots of different conditions that cause pain in the knee. It can be injured traumatically, for example whilst playing sport but it is also susceptible to overuse injuries and degenerative diseases. Correct diagnosis is of paramount importance in the knee. At The Back & Body Clinic we take great care over accurately diagnosing knee problems.

Common causes of Knee Pain

Knee Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the degenerative condition caused by wear and tear of the cartilage inside the knee joint. Click Here to read more

Ligament Sprain / Rupture

Ligament injuries are usually acute injuries caused by a sudden impact twisting of the knee. Click Here to read more.

Patella Tendonitis / Tendonosis

The patella tendon is an extension of the quadriceps muscles that attaches the knee cap to the shinbone. Click Here to read more.

Patella Femoral Pain Syndrome

Pain at the front of the knee which gradually comes on and increases over a period of time is generically called patellofemoral pain syndrome. Click Here to read more.

Meniscus Tear

The knee contains two semicircular shock absorbing pieces of cartilage on either side of the joint. Click Here to read more.

Bakers Cyst

The patella tendon is an extension of the quadriceps muscles that attaches the knee cap to the shinbone. Click Here to read more.

 

Anatomy of the Knee JointThe knee joint consists of three bones, the femur (the thighbone), the tibia (the shin bone) and the patella. The patella or kneecap sits on the front of these bones allowing the quadriceps to bend over the knee joint. The femur and tibia are connected by four main ligaments, the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments, which are found deep within the knee joint, and prevents excessive shearing forwards and backwards. The medial and lateral collateral ligaments stabilize either side of the joint.

All of the joint surfaces are covered in smooth cartilage to allow for smooth movement. The knee joint also contains two meniscus, which are semicircular discs of extra cartilage either side of the knee that provide cushioning and shock absorbency for the knee joint. The two main muscle groups in the knee are the quadriceps, which extend the knee and the hamstrings, which bend the knee.

Correct diagnosis is of paramount importance in the knee. At The Back & Body Clinic we take great care over accurately diagnosing knee problems. We will do a full biomechanical assessment to highlight any issues that have contributed to your injury. Staging of rehabilitation is of particular importance because the amount of impact the knee can tollerate will will change during the rehabilitation and it is important the rehab is progressed at the same rate, to prevent set backs but recover as quickly as possible. Years of experience in Professional Sport makes the practitioners at The Back & Body expertly placed in getting that fine balance right.

If you injure your knee it is important to get physiotherapy early because the right treatment and advice in the early stages is the key to a quick and full recovery. For more chronic conditions that develop over time the earlier you get physiotherapy the better. This is because the longer the condition goes on for the more degenerative changes take place, this will hamper your recovery.