Flat Feet / Over Pronation

flat feet diagramThere are 3 main foot types:

NEUTRAL – normal foot
PRONATOR – flat foot
SUPINATOR – high arch foot

Patients who have biomechanical abnormalities of the feet (either Pronator or Supinator categories) may require the use of orthotics.

Flat feet or foot pronation is common and often people with flat feet never have any problems. However, it can lead to over pronation when walking and running, this is a biomechanical problem when the arch of the foot collapses during weight bearing. This can have a knock on effect up the leg causing the knee to roll inwards, the hip and pelvis to rotate and even torsion in the lower back. Subsequently, over pronation can lead to lots of different injuries from plantar fasciitis to lower back pain.

Therefore, assessment and correction of over pronation is a crucial part of any rehabilitation program. This can be done with orthotics that The Back & Body Clinic can supply.

Injuries Associated with Abnormal Lower Limb Biomechanics
Some of the more common injuries which are often associated with abnormal lower limb biomechanics include:


Treatment for Flat Feet / Over Pronation
Physiotherapy treatment for patients with this condition is vital to hasten the healing process, ensure an optimal outcome and decrease the likelihood of injury recurrence. Treatment may comprise: